Arab Forum For alternatives think tank seeks to perpetuate the values ​​of scientific thinking in Arab societies, and is working to address issues of political, social and economic development in the framework of the traditions and rules of scientific, away from the language of incitement and propaganda, in the framework of respect for political contexts and social systems, as well as universal human values. It is working to provide space for the interaction of experts, activists and researchers interested in issues of reform in the Arab region, governed by scientific principles and respect for diversity, is also keen Forum to offer policy alternatives and the potential social, not just hoped for the decision maker and the elites of different political and civil society organizations, in the framework of respect for the values ​​of justice and democracy .
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موضوع # 1 (5)

Thursday, 23 November 2017 17:47

Healthcare funding policies and alternatives

 

Introduction:

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”[1]. Health is one of human beings’ basic rights as stated in a number of universal charters. The constitution of the WHO, for example, states that the “enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being without distinction of race, religion, political belief, economic or social condition.” The same applies to Article 25 of the Universal Charter of Human Rights and Article 12 of the International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights. These charters also include additional health guarantees for minorities and marginalized communities. However, the fact that rights pertaining to health are stressed in such charters does not correspond to their actual implementation on the ground. In fact, there is a discrepancy between different countries across the world regarding healthcare policies and funds allocated to the health sector. In 2005, WHO member states pledged to develop their healthcare funding policies to achieve full coverage.

Introduction:

It has become obvious throughout the years social justice is not possible under a capitalist system. The same applies to responding to the basic demands put forward by the Arab revolutions[1]. It is also clear that through systematic exploitation of the peripheries, capitalism contributes to making the domestic conditions of each of those countries unfit for the implementation of the principles of social justice[2]. Based on this, the concept of an economic and political alternative in the broad sense of the word was proposed[3]. Initially, the focus was on a class-oriented alternative, which meant that it is basically proposed by an anti-capitalist class. The alternative also involved a bigger role by the state as far as economic development is concerned, which is not the case under the capitalist system where the state does not prioritize the interests of the people.[4]  The role of the state has to be determined in the light of a number of actual experiences, some of which failed and others achieved the required development yet were stalled later. In fact, the region does have a long history of failures and mistakes that can be learnt from.

Thursday, 23 November 2017 17:33

Sovereignty and development

 

 

Introduction:

It seems quite paradoxical that the United States, which played a major role in imposing “free trade” on the world, the world’s more technologically advanced country that boosts the highest production rates in different fields, is in fact the same country that is now ruled by a man who adopts a nationalist economic discourse similar to the pre-industrial mercantile approach that prevailed in the early capitalist era. Donald Trump accuses countries much poorer than the United States, such as China and Mexico, of exploiting Americans through taking advantage of the free trade agreements that were ironically imposed on them by Americans.